Battery Recycling

Battery Recycling To Help Your Environment

Battery Recycling

Batteries contain harmful metals and chemicals such as nickel cadmium, alkaline, mercury, nickel metal hydride and lead acid, which can contaminate the environment if not disposed properly. For example, when batteries containing cadmium are used in landfills, they will eventually dissolve and release the toxic substance that can seep into water supplies, posing serious health hazards for the population. This is why battery recycling has become so important because it helps prevent pollution, and also saves resources.

The Recycling Process

First of all, the batteries to be recycled are sorted according to chemistries such as nickel-cadmium, nickel-metal-hydride, lithium, alkaline etc. The combustible material, such as plastics and insulation, are then removed with a gas fired thermal oxidiser, which is the first step in the recycling process. Most recycling plants have scrubbers where the gases from the thermal oxidiser are neutralized to remove pollutants, producing clean, naked cells that contain precious metal content.

The metal in the batteries are then heated to liquefy, after they have been sawn into little pieces. Black slag left by burned out non-metallic substances are scraped off with a slag arm, and the different alloys that settle according to weight are skimmed off. Some plants pour the liquid metals directly into (65 pounds) or ‘hogs’ (2000 pounds) without separating on site, which are then shipped to metal recovery plants to produce nickel, chromium and iron re-melt alloy for the manufacturing of other metal products.

Recent Developments

The mercury reduction in batteries, which had already started in 1984, is still continued today. For example, batteries such as those containing alkaline have had about a 97 percent mercury reduction, and newer models may contain about one-tenth the amount of mercury previously contained in the typical alkaline battery, or may be zero-added mercury. A number of mercury-free, heavy-duty, carbon-zinc batteries are now available as alternatives. Technology such as silver-oxide and zinc-air button batteries contain less mercury so they are starting to replace mercuric-oxide batteries. Nickel-cadmium batteries can be reprocessed to reclaim the nickel, and cadmium free nickel and nickel-hydride system are also being researched. At present, most nickel-cadmium batteries are permanently sealed in appliances but changes are being made in regulations which will result in a more convenient retrieval and recycling of nickel-cadmium batteries.

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Residential Water Treatment Equipment

Two Important Factors in Residential Water Treatment Equipment

Residential Water Treatment Equipment

While most homes get their water supply from the municipal water system, there are still those who get their water from private sources. When you get your water from a private well or some other source that is not for public use, the responsibility of keeping your water healthy and clean for use by your family is usually your own since any county or local standards regulating the municipal water system will not apply to you.

Problems in your water supply are a major issue for homeowners with private wells. While most contaminants are naturally occurring in water and are usually not harmful, there are those that may contain toxic compounds harmful for drinking and overall human use. To protect your family from these harmful contaminants, you need a residential water treatment system.

What is a residential water treatment system?

A residential water treatment system is the process of removing or reducing the contaminants found in your water so that it may be safe for use and for drinking by you and your family.

Not all residential water treatment systems are the same. There are those that remove only specific types of contaminants. Others can only solve certain problems, like the “hardness” of water, and not toxicity or chemical quality of the water.

Moreover, residential water treatment systems differ in the manner that they are installed. As to how they are installed, residential water treatment systems are divided into two broad categories

  1. point of entry
  2. point of use devices

The difference between the two is the extent of protection afforded by the device.

Therefore, a point of entry water treatment device treats all the water that is eventually distributed in the home while a point of use treatment system only treats some parts of your water, usually focused on a single tap.

Buying Residential Water Treatment Equipment

When buying residential water treatment equipment, one of the first things you need to do is to identify the particular water problem you have.

For instance, water coming out of your private well may be hard water – that is, it has high mineral content, particularly magnesium and calcium, which make your water undesirable to use for washing. What’s more, the scale deposit resulting from hard water can also reduce the efficiency of your piping system. In that case, you need residential water treatment equipment that specifically addresses the problem of hard water.

In another example, it could be that your private well may be located near a waste disposal area, such as a septic tank. You worry about contamination; some of the waste water may seep into the well. Your main concern, therefore, is microbiological contamination, which includes bacteria, viruses, fungus, and even parasites. The residential water treatment system that you purchase should be able to address this problem.

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Paper Recycling Ideas

4 Powerful Reasons To Recycle Office Paper

There are many good reasons why office paper must be recycled

Recycle Office Paper

  1. Papers used in offices are usually high-grade and it’s a shame to see this top quality paper wasted. A staggering 77% of these papers are recyclable.
  2. An average business office employee can produce a pound and a half of paper waste in working for a business office daily. Finance offices generate waste paper from two to three pounds per employee daily.
  3. Production costs can be lowered simply by reducing office paper costs and using used paper whenever possible. Removing office paper from the garbage can reduce waste collection fees by 50%.
  4. One ton of paper recycled is 6.7 cu yds saved landfill space. Removing this much paper from our waste would prolong the service of present landfill sites. Whether your paper supplies are plain white paper, copier paper, office paper, inkjet paper, or letter paper, these are all easily recycled.

There are easy steps to recycling office paper. Recycling can start as soon as your employees are informed and consulted regarding the adoption of recycling schemes. Make sure that all employees know about the recycling program of your company. Recycling systems as simple as monitoring paper use and separating white paper from colored paper are widely-practiced in most offices.

Placing labeled rubbish bins has proven to be an effective recycling method. Be sure, however, that the bins are placed where waste paper amounts to a significant number like in the computer rooms and records sections. Put the recycling can together in an accessible area so people will actually use them. Consulting the employees who work in that particular area where to position the recycling cans is a good idea.

It’s always a good idea to separate white papers like bond paper, copier paper, paper supplies, office paper, inkjet paper and letter paper, together rather than mixing them with other paper like cardboard and newspapers. This way, even if you don’t reuse the paper but sell them to recycling shops they will a higher value, since white paper costs more. It’s also important to inform the maintenance crew. After all, you wouldn’t want to waste your employees’ recycling efforts undone by having an uninformed caretaker haul your papers and dump them with food waste. It’s advised to train them how the recycling system works.

The Cost of Recycle Office Paper

Lastly, these reams of bond paper, copier paper, paper supplies, office paper, inkjet paper and letter paper materials can bring you good money. So it’s recommended to have a log book or record book handy to record the amount or weight of office paper that came from your company. This way, you can keep track of your paper wastes and evaluate if your recycling paper program is actually working to reduce paper use and waste in your office. Also, by keeping a record and receipt, you can be sure to be properly paid for them by the recycling companies.

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Household Hazardous Waste

Managing Hazardous Household Waste

It is no secret that the quantity of household waste produced is increasing year after year at an alarming rate and governments are under pressure to expand existing landfills or build new ones to accommodate the waste that is being produced.

What is Hazardous Household Waste?

Household waste is leftover from household goods or products. Hazardous household waste are household products which contain chemicals that have the potential to affect plants, the health of humans and animals. What many of us may not realise is that many of those common household products contain corrosive, toxic or flammable chemicals, that can be hazardous to the environment if not handled or managed properly.

Hazardous household waste should not be disposed of in the same way as regular waste. For example, a gasoline can buried in the ground can affect rivers and find its way into drinking water. The hydrocarbons in motor oils or pesticides have the potential to bio-accumulate in fresh water fishes and can find its way in the food chain. Burning of hazardous waste leads to the release of toxic chemicals and fumes in the air. Once released into the environment these chemicals are dispersed over large areas, thereby affecting the health of persons over a wider area.

Some of these chemicals remain in the systems of plants and animals for a long time and may enter the food chain when the affected plants and animals are consumed.

Bioaccumulation of hazardous compounds in the systems of plants, animals and humans has the potential to affect their reproductive lives, growth, impair the function of various organs such as the liver and kidneys, affect the functioning of the central nervous systems and immune systems of human and animals and some have been listed as known carcinogens.

How Can You Tell a Product is Hazardous?

Read the labels of products. In most countries labels are required for all products. These should provide information on the constituents of the products, including symbols and words to indicate the hazard to animals, humans and the environment if mishandled.

How To Tell If Products Are Hazardous?

Always read the label of products in your household and make it a habit of reading the labels of product before making the decision to purchase them.

What Can You Do to Manage Hazardous Waste?

Purchase Environmentally Friendly Products – the best way to control waste is to not produce it in the first place. You can start by avoiding the purchase of products that contain chemicals that are harmful to humans, animals and the environment. Purchase those products that are biodegradable or friendly to the environment.

Safe Product Storage – Ensure that hazardous products are stored in a safe place, that their containers are not damaged, do not have any leaks to reduce the risk of contaminating water sources, land, humans, animals, plants and the environment. Ensure that corrosive products like acids are stored in separate areas from other hazardous products.

Check products frequently to ensure that there are no leaks and broken lids or bulging sides.

Always store products in their original containers to avoid unintentional usage.

Ensure that these products are stored in a place where children and animal have no access to them.

Disposal of Products – Disposal of products should always be the last resort. Why? Because there are no safe ways of disposing hazardous waste. You can avoid the dilemma of hazardous waste disposal by either selecting biodegradable products, recycling the product, giving the excess products to friends, neighbours or family or purchasing smaller volumes of the product.

If however disposal is inevitable then you should dispose of the waste in the manner prescribed on the label.

Although there are laws to regulate the handling and use of large quantities of hazardous waste the existence of laws to regulate the typical small quantities generated at the household is non existent. For this reason, the responsibility for the management of hazardous waste falls squarely on the shoulders of the hazardous waste generators.

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Recycle Plastic Pipes

4 Easy Business Benefits From Using Recycled Plastic

The construction industry is a major consumer of plastics, these plastics have many advantages, such as hygiene, ease of installation, freedom from maintenance and tailor-made properties. Plastic wall claddings, soffits and fascias are also very popular.

However, plastic has a reputation as a non-recyclable and an environmentaly unfriendly material and in resent times campaigns to recycle plastic and produce construction products from recycled plastic is increasingly important.

Wall claddings, soffits and fascias can be made from recycled plastic. Other construction products being made from recycled plastic include damp proof membranes, water drainage, pipes and ducting, kerbstones, roofing materials, piling and ground stabilisation, scaffolding planks, decking and flooring products and fencing.

Sources for Recycled Plastic Raw Materials

Post-consumer and post-industrial plastic waste is the main source of recycled plastic. Sometimes, this recycled plastic is blended with recycled wood to make a wood-polymer composite.

Plastic bottles, bags and wrapping film provide recyclable polyethylene. CD cases, vending cups and food packaging yield polystyrene for recycling. Recyclable PVC is obtained from windows and industrial products.

Why Recycle Plastic Products?

Definite business benefits can be obtained from using recycled plastic products.

  1. COST: Recycled plastic products are durable and long-lived, they do not need much maintenance and do not suffer from such problems as rot. Hence, the lifetime costs of recycled plastic products will be lower and they will be excellent value for money.
  2. STRENGTH AND VERSATILITY: Plastic has high strength-to-weight ratio. Light products mean easier handling, often eliminating mechanical handling aids and still complying with Health & Safety regulations. Plastic is versatile with a wide range of construction products being made with recycled plastic.
  3. PREFERENCE IN TENDERS: Public sector contracts are easier to win if you can show that you are using environmentally sustainable products. Even private sector organiszations are beginning to give preference to contractors with a reputation for using recycled products.
  4. CONTRIBUTION TO ENVIRONMENT: By using recycled plastic products, you are telling the world that you care for the environment. This can go a long way in generating goodwill that can benefit your business.

Recycled plastic products require little maintenance and upkeep, are inert and do not pollute water bodies or soil, and can be fully recycled at the end of their lives.

By using recycled plastic products, you are creating a demand for more recycled plastic raw materials, removing them from polluting places.

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Skip Hire London

Skip Hire – Hints and Tips for First Time Users

Skip Hire

Skips come in a range of sizes and shapes; from 2 cubic yard mini skips to 30 cubic yard garbage roll on-roll off skips suitable for retail premises.

The basic builders’ skips that people see at construction sites and on the back of trucks is 8 cu yds. This can hold up to around 10 tons of rubble. Even the most simple of building jobs produces an amazing amount of rubble, as you will know if you have ever had a simple job like a blocked off chimney opened up again.

This type of skip is commonly dropped off from the back of a small truck with a pair of arms that lifts the skip off and on the truck.

Skip Hire Charges

Different skip hire firms, in different cities, have different bases for their charges. Some charge per week, others just for each load taken away. Some charge by the ton. Obviously, you need to ask about the company’s charging structure when you are booking and work out which package is going to suit your needs the best.

Skip Locations

If you cannot accommodate the skip on your drive or front garden, you will need to provide lights and may need planning permission to leave the skip on the road. Find out in advance. The hire company will normally provide you with the legal minimum lights you require.

Some companies have drop-front or drop-side skips, best if you are wanting to wheelbarrow your rubble straight into your skip. These skips are in heavy demand, particularly in the summer season, so book ahead. If you can get one you will also need to obtain a builder’s 2 inch thick plank to wheel your barrow up, but it saves you all the work involved in lifting the rubble a shovel full at a time to head height.

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Recycling in the UK

8 Easy Tips to Help You Reduce, Recycle and Reuse

Recycling in the UK

The average household in the UK creates over a tonne of waste each year, which is about the weight of a small car. Every year, the waste we produce increases by about 3%, which sounds insignificant, but it means that in 25 years, the amount of waste we produce will have doubled. The average person in the UK throws away their own body weight in rubbish every 7 weeks!

Every year, 18 million tonnes of waste is sent to a UK landfill site.

Other countries recycle a lot more than we do. Switzerland, the Netherlands, and Germany recycle around 60% of their waste, compared with our rate of around 45%

The problems of handling mountains of waste could appear overwhelming, but experts note there are very easy methods for customers to make a difference every day.

  1. Buy screwdrivers, nails as well as various other hardware tools and items in loose containers not in packages. At the grocery store, pick produce that is not in prepackaged containers.
  2. Bring your own bag. Reuse bags and containers. Maintain a supply of bags accessible for future buying trips, or take your very own canvas shoulder bag to the supermarket.
  3. Consider concentrated detergent. Concentrated products commonly require less product packaging, causing much less energy to transport to the store as well as less plastic to recycle.
  4. Choose to reuse. Buy reusable products such as fabric napkins, sponges or dishcloths rather than paper towels.
  5. Recharge and renew. Usage rechargeable batteries and recycle old batteries to help reduce rubbish and also maintain harmful metals out of the environment.
  6. Get clever. Try to find lasting, energy-saving appliances with the Energy Star labels as well as electronic equipment with great guarantees.
  7. Get smart. Reuse scrap paper as well as envelopes. Save and reuse ribbons, tissue paper, present boxes as well as wrapping paper. Save cardboard boxes, colored paper, egg cartons and various other products for arts and crafts jobs.
  8. Think thrifty. Give away clothes to charity shops or sell the items in fairs or jumble sales. Likewise, share passed down clothes with relatives as well as next-door neighbours.

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Asbestos Disposal

Asbestos Disposal: 6 Important Steps To Make It A Safe Procedure

Asbestos disposal refers to the process of getting rid of asbestos or other asbestos containing items in a safe way. Asbestos is natural fibrous mineral. Many corporations used it for building and insulation materials. Asbestos was also used widely in fireproofing, pipe covering, cement, refractory materials, gaskets, floor tiles and joint compounds between 1890 and 1970. Exposure to asbestos particles is the reason behind many diseases including life-threatening cancer called mesothelioma. Looking at the harmful effects of asbestos exposure, no one can underestimate the importance of safe removal and disposal of asbestos.

It is better to dispose off some asbestos containing appliances such as oven rather than trying to separate the asbestos from it for disposal because separation of asbestos may prove to be very expensive and it can be hazardous. In some cases instead of complete removal of asbestos, we can seal the exposed insulation. Sealing minimizes the further risk of formation of airborne particles. Experts believe that Inhalation of asbestos fibers is much more likely when the asbestos is fragmented and airborne. Therefore, only a specialist should handle the process of asbestos disposal.

If you are planning the asbestos disposal process, then you should read the detailed instructions called Asbestos Removal Procedures for Home Owners of Utah State Department of Environmental Quality. Following are some recommendations to make asbestos disposal safe.

  1. You must wet the friable asbestos containing material and place it in properly labeled leak-tight containers before shipping.
  2. Only certified asbestos personnel must handle the regulated asbestos containing material.
  3. You should not carry on the process of asbestos disposal during the periods of high wind.
  4. Entry of unauthorized personnel must be strictly prohibited during the asbestos disposal process.
  5. Friable asbestos and Category II non- friable asbestos-containing material should be covered by the end of each operating day with at least six inches of non- asbestos containing material such as soil. Category 1 non- friable asbestos containing material may be spread prior to being covered, but shall be covered by the end of each operating day with at least six inches of compacted non-asbestos containing material such as soil
  6. You must maintain the records and file them to notify future landowners or interested parties, the locations and quantities of the asbestos waste buried at the site. A notice on the deed to the property must state that the site is subject to regulation and should include precautions against any attempt to disturb that area.

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Waste Recycling

Is Recycling A Waste Of Time, Money And Energy?

Most of us feel guilty if we do not take the problem to clean and arrange all those reusable plastics, papers and tins. We do this to prevent tossing them in the bin which then ends up in the landfill sites around the nation. However how useful is reusing and also can it actually address the “waste dilemma”?

UK houses create a shocking thirty million tonnes of rubbish a year, which sixty percent originates from product packaging. There has actually been a great deal of publicity recently concerning waste that has been produced for reusing winding up in garbage dump websites. It is additionally clear that a raising quantity is being delivered to various other countries to take care of. It can be less costly to move it to various other nations than to recycle it or fill out the garbage dump websites in the UK.

The European Union (EU) has recently purchased the people of the United Kingdom to roughly double their recycling rates by 2008. Federal governments across the European Union and also The U.S.A. have actually announced plans to call for more recycling. Unless the UK hits these targets, neighborhood council tax obligation expenses throughout the UK will skyrocket unless regional authorities struck their recycling targets to allow the UK to strike their targets established by the EU. The UK government already bills tax for discarding waste in land fill sites to urge us to reuse even more as well as this tax is because of increase.

This will penalise regional councils which continue to make use of garbage dumps and also council tax obligation payers will pay the cost for inadequate efficiency by not recycling themselves or by not having the centres to do this. It’s therefore less costly to recycle then to dump in the garbage dump sites. The UK presently recycles 22 percent of its family waste while some other EU nations recycle more than half. The UK proposes cutting the amount of waste took into land fill sites from 72 percent today to 25 per cent by 2020.

Some Point to Consider -The Future?

– Why do we utilise all that energy recycling paper to save the trees? There is the argument that paper should be recycled to make sure that we conserve trees and also forests yet we now expand trees just to produce newsprint and various other things. Is it a lasting source already?

– New landfills are built in the UNITED STATES and also this should happen in the UK on a large scale which would certainly make it possible for the UK to pipe the methane gas that they produce to local power plants supplying residences in a green and also eco method.

– We need to make certain that any kind of recycling programmes that are run are supplied successfully. That implies mapping waste down the chain to its supreme location. Openness ought to inform the whole waste administration sector.

– If a research study in embarked on and also it concludes that it sets you back more to recycle than to bury the utilised and also make the brand-new from square one, then we could begin land fills just for plastic, one for glass and so on after that if we do run out of them we can dig them all up in one go for reusing. For example, if the throwing away of plastic continues and also continuing oil lacks mean that it is extra inexpensive we could reuse them all at once by extracting the land fills as well as it would certainly be more affordable as well as simpler after that continuous recycling.

– Today, just an approximated fifteen percent of UK homes have accessibility to kerbside collections, if they these collections do not cover glass, paper, plastic etc. then just how far do you need to own to the nearest recycling centre as well as what does it cost? do you need to gather in the house to guarantee that you are not making more damages by owning after that the quantity of energy you are saving by recycling? Exactly what concerning the economic expense to collect the recycling or to take it to the reusing centre? Exactly what concerning the energy required to recycle it? Is oil truly going out? Just how much land fill is offered?

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Waste Water Treatment

Waste Water Treatment

Waste water is water generated from numerous industrial and business activities of man. Full of various contaminants, drainage could be extremely hazardous and dangerous to people as well as animals in addition to the atmosphere. To earn them acceptable once again for disposal as well as re-use in the atmosphere, it needs to undergo a process called waste water treatment.

What are the contaminants found in waste water?

There are various sort of contaminants that can be found in waste water. They vary from the organic (like bloodsuckers as well as bacteria) to the chemical as well as other manufactured contaminants.

Drainage generated from an industry that entails production of iron, for example, includes products like ammonia and also cyanide. Coal processing in coking plants likewise generate drainage, filled with damaging toxins like benzene, cyanide, ammonia, anthracene, naphthalene, cresols, phenols, and also other intricate organic compounds, collectively referred to as “polyaromatic hydrocarbons” (PAH).

How is waste water dealt with?

There are various techniques of drainage therapy available. Each one is an extremely complex process or procedures of getting rid of the pollutants in waste water, refining it in order to create waste water stream that contributes to anaerobic germs, which would certainly after that convert it right into matter, which can after that be gotten rid of for re-use in the atmosphere.

Below are the fundamental actions involved in drainage treatment:

Solids Removal

The initial stage in all waste water treatment methods is solids elimination. This is when the majority of the solids located in waste water are removed, leaving just the waste fluids.

Removal of solids utilises different strategies, the most typical of which is sedimentation. The drainage is normally left alone up until the solids (at least the bigger ones) will have resolved near the bottom as slurry or sludge.

For better solids, e.g. those that have thickness near one, are gotten rid of with using filtration or ultra-filtration techniques. One more different strategy utilised is flocculation, which is the process of using alum salts or poly-electrolytes for solid removal.

Oil and Grease Removal

The next stage of waste water treatment is elimination of oils and also oils from the waste water. This can be done making use of skimming tools. Nonetheless, skimming only benefits oils in open water surface areas. For hydraulic oils and bulk of oil types, nevertheless, could include soluble or emulsified component that could not be gotten rid of by mere skimming. To remove them, the addition of solvents as well as surfactants are typically employed.

Organics and Acid Elimination

The final stage of waste water treatment is the elimination of soft/hard organics as well as acids and alkalis, in addition to poisonous materials. There are different techniques involved, with increasing complexity. Some strategies at this stage of drainage therapy include purification, incineration, vitrification, adsorption, garbage dump disposal, as well as chemical immobilisation.

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